Diseases and Conditions of the Immune System – HIV/AIDS – InsuranceNewsNet

2022 OCT 26 (NewsRx) — By a News Reporter – Staff News Editor at Daily Insurance News — New research on diseases and conditions of the immune system – HIV/AIDS is reported. According to news from Toronto, Canada, by NewsRx correspondents, the research said: “UNICEF estimates that there are up to 100 million street youth (SIY) globally. Marginalized conditions put SIY at higher risk for HIV and adverse outcomes once HIV-positive.

Our news reporters got a quote from the research of the University of Toronto, “The objective of this review was to describe barriers and facilitators to accessing HIV prevention, testing and treatment services as part of Phase I of an implementation study evaluating the using peer navigators to increase access to HIV services. Semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions (FGD) and theater tests were conducted with people who identify as SIY, health care providers and community actors living in Canada (Toronto, Montreal, London) and Kenya (Eldoret, Huruma, Kitale). Data were analyzed using a content-directed approach guided by the socio-ecological model (SEM). The six sites had 195 participants: 64 SIYs, 42 health care providers and 97 community workers. Barriers were identified at the societal level (eg, intersectional stigma and discrimination), public policy (eg, insufficient access to basic needs, legal documentation, lack of health insurance and limited community funding), institutional (eg, lack of inclusive education and training). , inadequate HIV awareness and restrictive service delivery), interpersonal (e.g., ineffective communication by health care providers) and intrapersonal (e.g., lack of trust and associated fear, low perception of health care and lack of self-esteem). These have contributed to limiting the use of HIV services among SIY. Conversely, many enablers have also been identified at the level of public policy (e.g. affordable HIV services and treatment), institutional (e.g. available and accessible HIV prevention tools, education programs and HIV awareness, and holistic models of care), interpersonal (eg, support navigation systems, peer support, and personal relationships) and intrapersonal levels (eg, self-efficacy) as positively supporting the SIY access to HIV services. Intersectional stigma was a critical barrier in all sites, and policies and programs that promote welcoming environments for young people from diverse backgrounds and living conditions may better meet the HIV service needs of this high-risk population. .

According to the editors, the research concluded: “Social support and navigation services would facilitate access to HIV-related services at all sites.

For more information on this research, see: Barriers and facilitators to accessing HIV-related services for street-involved youth in Canada and Kenya. BMC Public Health2022;22(1):1901. BMC Public Health can be reached at: Bmc, Campus, 4 rue Crinan, London N1 9XW, England. (BioMed Center – http://www.biomedcentral.com/; BMC Public Healthhttp://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcpublichealth/)

News correspondents report that additional information can be obtained from Katie MacEntee, Division of Epidemiology, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College StreetM5T 3M7, Toronto, ON, Canada. Other authors of this research include Momina KhanRuben Kiptui, Amy Van Berkum, Abe OudshoornDavid O. Ayuku, Edith Apodi, Edward Ou Jin Lee, Alex Abramovich, Sue Ann MacDonald and Paula Braitstein.

The direct object identifier (DOI) for this additional information is: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-14290-7. This DOI is a link to a free or paid online electronic document, and can be your direct source for a journal article and its citation.

Journal editor contact details BMC Public Health is: Bmc, Campus, 4 rue Crinan, London N1 9XW, England.

(Our reports provide factual information on research and discoveries around the world.)

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